Phytochemicals and Extracts

Phytochemicals and Extracts CAS No. Description
Phyllanthus amarus (Bhumiamla) 84775-91-7 Phyllantus amarus is a cultivated in many parts of India for its medicinal properties. It is commonly used in indigenious system of medicine such as ayurveda, siddha, unani and homoeopathy for its hepatoprotective, antitumour, antidiabetic, antihypertensive, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties.
Bromelain 9001-00-7 Bromelain is a protein digesting enzyme present in fresh fruit and the stems of pineapple. Bromelain for commercial use is usually extracted from the stem. As an ingredient, it is used in cosmetics, as a topical medication, and as a meat tenderizer.
Chondroitin sulphate sodium 9082-07-9 Chondroitin sulfate is a chemical that is normally found in cartilage around joints in the body and is usually manufactured from animal sources, such as shark and cow cartilage.
Methyl sulphonyl methane 67-71-0 Methylsulfonylmethane is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH₃)₂SO₂. It is also known by several other names including methyl sulfone and dimethyl sulfone. This colorless solid features the sulfonyl functional group and is the simplest of the sulfones.
Ipriflavone 35212-22-7 Ipriflavone (IP) is a synthetic derivative of naturally occurring isoflavone, manufactured from daidzein.It has been shown to inhibit osteoclast formation without suppressing the rate of bone formation.
Rutin 153-18-4 Rutin is a citrus flavanoid glycoside, which is a low molecular weight polyphenolic compund. Rutin has various pharmacological activities such as antibacterial, antiprotozoal, antitumor, antiinflammatory, antiallergic, antiviral, cytoprotective, vasoactive, hypolipidaemic, antiplatelet, antispasmodic, and antihypertensive. 
Citrus bioflavonoid 520-27-4 Citrus bioflavonoids are powerful group of antioxidants found in citrus fruits like tangerines, oranges, and grapefruit. They can be taken as a pill or powder, individually or in combination.
Coenzyme Q10 303-98-0 Coenzyme Q10 is an antioxidant that occurs naturally in the body and is present in many foods that we eat. It is used by the cells for growth and maintenance.
Astaxanthin 472-61-7 Astaxanthin is a xanthophyll carotenoid which is found in various microorganisms and marine animals. It has been approved by the USFDA as a colorant for food and feed applications.
Policosanol 142583-61-1 Policosanol is the generic term for a mixture of long chain alcohols extracted from plant waxes. It is used as a dietary supplement. Policosanol was originally derived from sugar cane but the chemicals can also be isolated from beeswax, cereal grains, grasses, leaves, fruits, nuts, and seeds of many foods.
Soy isoflavones 574-12-9 Soybeans are a rich source of isoflavones, a class of phytoestrogens found predominantly in legumes and beans. They preferentially interact with a type of estrogen receptor involved in cognitive functions. In their most common form, soy isoflavones include genistein, daidzein and glycetein. Isoflavones found in red clover include formononetin, biochanin A, daidzein, and genistein.
Lycopene 502-65-8 Lycopene is a non-provitamin A carotenoid that is responsible for the red to pink colors seen in found in tomatoes and other red fruits and vegetables, such as red carrots, watermelons, grapefruits, and papayas. Unlike many other natural compounds, lycopene is generally stable to processing when present in the plant tissue matrix.
Pygeum africanum 85865-74-3 Pygeum is obtained from the bark of the African plum tree. Its benefits are thought to come from fatty acids (sterols) that reduce inflammation through the inhibition of prostaglandins, as well as prostatic cholesterol levels that are precursors to testosterone production. Pygeum also increases prostatic and seminal fluid secretions.
Natural beta carotene 7235-40-7 β-Carotene (β,β-carotene) is the most prominent member of the group of carotenoids, natural colorants that occur in the human diet. It is a red-orange pigment found in plants and fruits, especially carrots and colorful vegetables. All-trans-β-carotene is the most suitable and important precursor for vitamin A.
Silymarin 65666-07-1 Silymarin is a mixture of flavonolignans extracted from the milk thistle (Silybum marianum) and has a history as a medical plant for almost two millennia. It is used in the treatment of different diseases such as liver and gallbladder disorders, protecting liver against snake bite and insect stings, mushroom poisoning and alcohol abuse.
Asphalt (Shilajit) 12040-71-0 Shilajit or Mumijo is a blackish-brown powder or an exudate from high mountain rocks, often found in the Himalayas, Karakoram, Nepal, Bhutan, Girda, Russia, Iran, Mongolia and in the north of Chile, where it is called Andean Shilajit.
Trifla 857906-76-4 Triphala is an Ayurvedic herbal rasayana formula consisting of equal parts of three myrobalans, taken without seed: Amalaki, Bibhitaki, and Haritaki. It contains vitamin C. 
Chlorophytum borivilianum (Safed Musli) - Chlorophytum borivilianum is a herb with lanceolate leaves, from tropical wet forests in peninsular India. The Hindi name is safed musli. It is cultivated and eaten as a leaf vegetable in some parts of India, and its roots are used as a health tonic under the name safed musli.
Coleus forskohlii 66575-29-9 Coleus forskohlii, is a tropical perennial plant related to the typical coleus species. It produces forskolin, an extract useful for pharmaceutical preparations and research in cell biology.
Terminalia chebula (Haritaki) 90131-48-9 Terminalia chebula, commonly known as black- or chebulic myrobalan, is a species of Terminalia, native to South Asia from India and Nepal east to southwest China, and south to Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Vietnam.
Commiphora mukul (Guggal) 93165-11-8 Commiphora wightii, with common names Indian bdellium-tree, gugal, guggul, gugul, or Mukul myrrh tree, is a flowering plant in the family Burseraceae, which produces a fragrant resin called gugal, guggul or gugul, that is used in incense and vedic medicine. The species is native to southern Pakistan and western India.
Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi, Holy Basil) 91845-35-1 Ocimum tenuiflorum, commonly known as holy basil or tulsi, is an aromatic perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae. It is native to the Indian subcontinent and widespread as a cultivated plant throughout the Southeast Asian tropics. 
Curcuma longa 458-37-7 Turmeric is a flowering plant, Curcuma longa of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae, the roots of which are used in cooking.
Gymnema sylvestre (Gurmar) 90045-47-9 Gymnema sylvestre is a perennial woody vine native to tropical Asia, China, the Arabian Peninsula, Africa, and Australia. It has been used in Ayurvedic medicine. Gymnema sylvestre leaves contain resins, albumin, chlorophyll, carbohydrates, tartaric acid, formic acid, butyric acid, and anthraquinone derivatives. The organic acid glycoside possesses antisaccharine properties and is called gymnemic acid.
Momordica charantia (Karela) 93333-80-3 Momordica charantia is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean for its edible fruit. Its many varieties differ substantially in the shape and bitterness of the fruit. 
Zingiber officinale (Ginger) 84696-15-1 Ginger is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used as a spice and a folk medicine. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems about one meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades.
Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) 90147-43-6 Withania somnifera, known commonly as ashwagandha, Indian ginseng, poison gooseberry, or winter cherry, is an annual evergreen shrub in the Solanaceae or nightshade family that grows in India, the Middle East, and parts of Africa.
Boswellia serrata (Salai Guggal) 97952-72-2 Boswellia serrata is a plant that produces Indian frankincense. It is also known as Indian oli-banum, Salai guggul, and Sallaki in Sanskrit. The plant is native to much of India and the Punjab region that extends into Pakistan.
Adhatoda vasica (Vasaka) 6159-55-3 Adhatoda vasica, commonly known in English as Malabar nut, adulsa, adhatoda, vasa, vasaka, is a medicinal plant native to Asia, widely used in traditional Ayurvedic and Unani medicine. The leaves are used to treat malarial fever, chronic fever, intrinsic hemorrhage, cough, asthma, leprosy, skin diseases, and piles. The plant is reported to show abortifacient, antimicrobial, and antitussive activitie.
Tribulus terrestris (Gokharu) 90131-68-3 Tribulus terrestris is an annual plant in the caltrop family widely distributed around the world. It is adapted to grow in dry climate locations in which few other plants can survive. It is native to warm temperate and tropical regions in southern Eurasia and Africa. 
Bacopa monnieri (Brahmi) 93164-89-7 Bacopa monnieri is a perennial, creeping herb native to the wetlands of southern and Eastern India, Australia, Europe, Africa, Asia, and North and South America. It is known by the common names water hyssop, waterhyssop, brahmi, thyme-leafed gratiola, herb of grace, and Indian pennywort.
Andrographis paniculata (Kalmegh) 90244-84-1 Andrographis paniculata, commonly known as creat or green chiretta, is an annual herbaceous plant in the family Acanthaceae, native to India and Sri Lanka.
Cassia angustifolia (Senna) 85187-05-9 Cassia angustifolia (senna), a native plant of Yemen, Somalia and Arabia and now cultivated in other parts of the world, has a variety of medicinal uses in Unani as well as other traditional systems of medicine. The plant is mainly valued for its cathartic properties and is specially useful in habitual constipation. The laxative principles sennoside A and sennoside B, isolated from leaves and pods of senna, constitute important ingredients in purgative medicines.
Mucuna pruriens (Kaunch) 90064-10-1 The seeds of Mucuna pruriens have been used for treating many dysfunctions in Unani and Ayurvedic medicine. The plant and its extracts have been long used in tribal communities as a toxin antagonist for various snakebites.
Azadirachta indica (Neem) 84696-25-3 Azadirachta indica, commonly known as neem, nimtree or Indian lilac, is a tree in the mahogany family Meliaceae. It is one of two species in the genus Azadirachta, and is native to the Indian subcontinent and most of the countries in Africa. It is typically grown in tropical and semi-tropical regions.
Garcinia mangostana 90045-25-3 Mangosteen, also known as the purple mangosteen, is a tropical evergreen tree with edible fruit native to tropical lands surrounding the Indian Ocean.
Coffea arabica (Green Coffee Bean) 327-97-9 Green coffee is peeled and not roasted. It is a source of natural antioxidants in the form of polyphenol compounds, where the main component is chlorogenic acid.
Camellia sinensis (Green tea) 84650-60-2 Camellia sinensis is a species of evergreen shrubs or small trees in the flowering plant family Theaceae whose leaves and leaf buds are used to produce tea. Common names include "tea plant", "tea shrub", and "tea tree".
Eugenia jambolana (Jamun) 68538-87-4 Jamun or Indian Black berry is obtained from Eugenia jambolana synonymously known as Syzygium cumini Lam. of family Myrtaceae. It is considered as a traditional medicine that helps in controlling several lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, age related macular degeneration and others in India for many decades.
Lagerstroemia speciosa (Banaba) 4547-24-4 Banaba, or Lagerstroemia speciosa, is a tree native to tropical Southeast Asia. It belongs to the genus Lagerstroemia, also known as Crape Myrtle.The tree is widely distributed in India, Malaysia, and the Philippines, where it’s known as Jarul, Pride of India, or Giant Crape Myrtle. Almost every part of the tree offers medicinal properties. 
Boerhavia diffusa (Punarnava) 83-46-5 Boerhaavia diffusa is a species of flowering plant in the four o'clock family which is commonly known as punarnava, red spiderling, spreading hogweed, or tarvine. It is taken in herbal medicine for pain relief and other uses. The leaves of Boerhaavia diffusa are often used as a green vegetable in many parts of India.
Morinda citrifolia (Noni) 84929-68-0 Morinda citrifolia is a fruit-bearing tree in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. Its native range extends across Southeast Asia and Australasia, and was spread across the Pacific by Polynesian sailors. The species is now cultivated throughout the tropics and widely naturalized.
Terminalia arjuna (Arjuna) 93456-04-3 Terminalia arjuna is one of the most accepted and beneficial medicinal plants in indigenous system of medicine for the treatment of various critical diseases. The bark of Terminalia arjuna has been used in India for more than 3000 years, primarily as a heart remedy.
Phyllanthus emblica (Amla) 90028-28-7 Phyllanthus emblica, also known as emblic, emblic myrobalan, myrobalan, Indian gooseberry, Malacca tree, or amla from Sanskrit amalaki is a deciduous tree of the family Phyllanthaceae.
Tinospora cordifolia (Giloy, Guduchi) 90131-61-6 Phyllanthus emblica, also known as emblic, emblic myrobalan, myrobalan, Indian gooseberry, Malacca tree, or amla from Sanskrit amalaki is a deciduous tree of the family Phyllanthaceae.
Glycyrrhiza glabra (Mulethi) 84775-66-6 Liquorice or licorice is the common name of Glycyrrhiza glabra, a flowering plant of the bean family Fabaceae, from the root of which a sweet, aromatic flavouring can be extracted. The liquorice plant is a herbaceous perennial legume native to Western Asia, North Africa and southern Europe.
Garcinia cambogia (Vilayati imli) 90045-23-1 Garcinia gummi-gutta is a tropical species of Garcinia native to Indonesia. Common names include Garcinia cambogia, as well as brindleberry, Malabar tamarind, Goraka, and kudam puli. The fruit looks like a small pumpkin and is green to pale yellow in color.
White kidney bean 85085-22-9 Phaseolus vulgaris L. is rich in alpha-amylase inhibitor and has been used for reducing glycemia and calories absorption through preventing or delaying the digestion of complex carbohydrate. 
Asparagus racemosus (Shatawari) 301643-62-9 Asparagus racemosus (A. racemosus) belongs to family Liliaceae and commonly known as Satawar, Satamuli, Satavari found at low altitudes throughout India. The dried roots of the plant are used as drug. The roots are said to be tonic and diuretic and galactgogue, the drug has ulcer healing effect probably via strenthening the mucosal resistance or cytoprotection. 
Griffonia 56-69-9 Griffonia simplicifolia is a woody climbing shrub native to West Africa and Central Africa. It grows to about 3 m, and bears greenish flowers followed by black pods.
Ipomea tricolor 548-43-6 Ipomoea tricolor, the Mexican morning glory or just morning glory, is a species of flowering plant in the family Convolvulaceae, native to the New World tropics, and widely cultivated and naturalised elsewhere. It is an herbaceous annual or perennial twining liana growing to 2–4 m tall. 
Lysergol 602-85-7 Lysergol is an alkaloid of the ergoline family that occurs as a minor constituent in some species of fungi, and in the morning glory family of plants, including the hallucinogenic seeds of Rivea corymbosa, Argyreia nervosa and Ipomoea violacea.
Pausinystalia yohimbe 65-19-0 Corynanthe johimbe, common name yohimbe, is a plant species in the family Rubiaceae native to western and central Africa. Extracts from yohimbe have been used in traditional medicine in West Africa as an aphrodisiac and have been marketed in developed countries as dietary supplements.
Piper nigrum (Pepper) 94-62-2 Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is one of the most widely used among spices. It is valued for its distinct biting quality attributed to the alkaloid, piperine. Black pepper is used not only in human dietaries but also for a variety of other purposes such as medicinal, as a preservative, and in perfumery. Dietary piperine, by favorably stimulating the digestive enzymes of pancreas, enhances the digestive capacity and significantly reduces the gastrointestinal food transit time.
Rauwolfia vomitor 50-55-5 Herbal preparations of Rauwolfia vomitoria, a tropical shrub in the family of Apocynaceae, have been used in traditional folk medicine for over 200 years in Africa to treat a variety of ailments including fever, general weakness, gastrointestinal diseases, liver diseases, psychosis, pain, and cancers.
Tagetes erecta 90131-43-4 Tagetes erecta, the Cempazuchitl or Mexican Marygold, is a species of flowering plant in the genus Tagetes native to Mexico. Despite its being native to the Americas, it is often called African marigold. In Mexico, this plant is found in the wild in the states of México, Michoacán, Puebla, and Veracruz. 
Centella asiatica (Mandukparni) 84696-21-9 Centella asiatica, commonly known as Gotu Kola, kodavan, Indian pennywort and Asiatic pennywort, is a herbaceous, perennial plant in the flowering plant family Apiaceae. It is native to the wetlands in Asia. It is used as a culinary vegetable and as a medicinal herb. 
Cissus quadrangularis extract 897-06-3 Cissus quadrangularis is a vine that grows in Africa and parts of Asia. It is one of the most commonly used medicinal plants in Thailand, and is also used in traditional African and Ayurvedic medicine. All parts of the plant are used for medicine.
Phytosterols 949109-75-5, 474-67-9 Phytosterols (plant sterols and stanols) are naturally occurring compounds which are found in all foods of plant origin. The term phytosterols refers to more than 200 different compounds. Phytosterol can help lower the cholesterol levels in the body. Several studies conducted by leading Research Organizations worldwide have concluded that the effective doses of Phytosterols for reduction of cholesterol are between 1.5 to 3g/day, leading to decrease in 8% to 15% of LDL-cholesterol. 
Fenugreek fiber extract 84625-40-1 Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is a legume and it has been used as a spice throughout the world to enhance the sensory quality of foods. It is known for its medicinal qualities such as antidiabetic, anticarcinogenic, hypocholesterolemic, antioxidant, and immunological activities.
Irvingia gabonensis (African Mango) 192230-28-7 Irvingia gabonensis is a species of African trees in the genus Irvingia, Known by the common name as wild mango, African mango, or bush mango. They bear edible mango-like fruits, and are especially valued for their fat- and protein-rich nuts.
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